Books & Videos

Table of Contents

  1. Chapter 1 Laboratory Safety

  2. Chapter 2 Equipping Your Forensics Laboratory

    1. Optical Equipment

    2. Laboratory Equipment

    3. Chemicals and Reagents

    4. Specimens

  3. Soil Analysis

    1. Chapter 3 Lab I-1 Gather and Prepare Soil Samples

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure I-1-1: Gather Soil Specimens
      4. Procedure I-1-2: Dry Soil Specimens
      5. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 4 Lab I-2 Examine the Physical Characteristics of Soil

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure I-2-1: Observe and Categorize Soil Color
      4. Procedure I-2-2: Determine Soil Density
      5. Procedure I-2-3: Determine Soil Settling Time
      6. Procedure I-2-4: Determine Soil Particle Size Distribution
      7. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 5 Lab I-3 Examine the Microscopic Characteristics of Soil

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure I-3-1: Examine Soil Specimens Under Magnification
      4. Review Questions
    4. Chapter 6 Lab I-4 Assay Phosphate Concentrations in Soil Specimens

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure I-4-1: Extract Soil Specimens
      4. Procedure I-4-2: Assay Soil Phosphate Concentrations
      5. Review Questions
    5. Chapter 7 Lab I-5 Examine the Spectroscopic Characteristics of Soil

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure I-5-1: Extract Ion Species from Soil Specimens
      4. Procedure I-5-2: Test Soil Specimen Extracts with the Spectrometer
      5. Procedure I-5-3: Identify Ions Present in Exemplar
      6. Review Questions
  4. Hair and Fiber Analysis

    1. Chapter 8 Lab II-1 Gathering Hair Specimens

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-1-1: Obtain Hair Specimens with Forceps
      4. Procedure II-1-2: Obtain Hair Specimens with Lift Tape
      5. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 9 Lab II-2 Study the Morphology of Human Scalp Hair

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-2-1: Macroscopic Examination of Human Scalp Hair
      4. Procedure II-2-2: Wet-Mount Hair Specimens
      5. Procedure II-2-3: Microscopic Examination of Human Scalp Hair
      6. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 10 Lab II-3 Make Scale Casts of Hair Specimens

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-3-1: Make and Observe Scale Casts of Human Hair
      4. Review Questions
    4. Chapter 11 Lab II-4 Study the Morphology of Animal Hair

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-4-1: Observe Animal Hair
      4. Review Question
    5. Chapter 12 Lab II-5 Individualize Human Hair Specimens

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-5-1: Obtain Hair Specimens
      4. Procedure II-5-2: Observe and Characterize Hair Specimens
      5. Review Questions
    6. Chapter 13 Lab II-6 Physical and Chemical Tests of Fibers

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-6-1: Test Fiber Specimens by Burning
      4. Procedure II-6-2: Test Fiber Specimens by Solubility
      5. Procedure II-6-3: Test Fiber Specimens by Dye Stripping
      6. Procedure II-6-4: Test Fiber Specimens by Dyeing
      7. Review Questions
    7. Chapter 14 Lab II-7 Study the Morphology of Fibers and Fabrics

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure II-7-1: Macroscopic Examination of Fabrics
      4. Procedure II-7-2: Microscopic Examination of Fibers and Fabrics
      5. Procedure II-7-3: Cross-Sectional Examination of Fiber Specimens
      6. Procedure II-7-4: Determine the Refractive Index of Fibers with RI Matching Liquids
      7. Procedure II-7-5: Examining Fibers by Polarized Light
      8. Review Questions
  5. Glass and Plastic Analysis

    1. Chapter 15 Lab III-1 Determine Densities of Glass and Plastic Specimens

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure III-1-1: Determine Density by Displacement
      4. Procedure III-1-2: Determine Density by Flotation
      5. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 16 Lab III-2 Compare Refractive Indices of Glass and Plastic Specimens

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure III-2-1: Compare RI of Questioned and Known Specimens
      4. Review Question
    3. Chapter 17 Lab III-3 Observe Shatter Patterns

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure III-3-1: Produce Glass Shards
      4. Procedure III-3-2: Observe and Compare Glass Shards
      5. Review Questions
  6. Revealing Latent Fingerprints

    1. Chapter 18 Lab IV-1 Dusting and Lifting Latent Fingerprints

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IV-1-1: Dusting Latent Fingerprints
      4. Procedure IV-1-2: Lifting Developed Fingerprints
      5. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 19 Lab IV-2 Revealing Latent Fingerprints Using Iodine Fuming

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IV-2-1: Fuming Latent Fingerprints with Iodine
      4. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 20 Lab IV-3 Revealing Latent Fingerprints Using Ninhydrin

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IV-3-1: Developing Latent Fingerprints with Ninhydrin
      4. Procedure IV-3-2: Ninhydrin After-Treatments
      5. Review Questions
    4. Chapter 21 Lab IV-4 Revealing Latent Fingerprints Using Superglue Fuming

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IV-4-1: Preparing for Superglue Fuming
      4. Procedure IV-4-2: Fuming Latent Fingerprints with Superglue
      5. Procedure IV-4-3: Dusting and Lifting Superglue-fumed Fingerprints
      6. Review Questions
    5. Chapter 22 Lab IV-5 Revealing Latent Fingerprints On Sticky Surfaces

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IV-5-1: Preparing Specimens for Gentian Violet Development
      4. Procedure IV-5-2: Developing Specimens with Gentian Violet
      5. Review Questions
    6. Chapter 23 Lab IV-6 Revealing Latent Fingerprints On Brass Cartridge Cases

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IV-6-1: Treat Specimens with Acidified Hydrogen Peroxide
      4. Review Question
  7. Detecting Blood

    1. Chapter 24 Lab V-1 Testing the Sensitivity and Selectivity of Kastle-Meyer Reagent

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure V-1-1: Prepare Known Dilutions of Blood
      4. Procedure V-1-2: Spot Known Dilutions of Blood
      5. Procedure V-1-3: Test Sensitivity of Kastle-Meyer Reagent
      6. Procedure V-1-4: Test Selectivity of Kastle-Meyer Reagent
      7. Procedure V-1-5: Field Testing with Kastle-Meyer Reagent
      8. Review Questions
  8. Impression Analysis

    1. Chapter 25 Lab VI-1 Tool Mark Analysis

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VI-1-1: Produce and Compare Compression Specimens
      4. Procedure VI-1-2: Produce and Compare Scoring Specimens
      5. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 26 Lab VI-2 Matching Images to Cameras

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VI-2-1: Matching Films to Cameras
      4. Procedure VI-2-1: Forensic Examination of Digital Image Files
      5. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 27 Lab VI-3 Perforation and Tear Analysis

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VI-3-1: Produce and Examine Tape Specimens
      4. Review Question
  9. Forensic Drug Testing

    1. Chapter 28 Lab VII-1 Presumptive Drug Testing

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VII-1-1: Testing Specimens Against Presumptive Reagents
      4. Procedure VII-1-2: Verifying Test Results
      5. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 29 Lab VII-2 Detect Cocaine and Methamphetamine on Paper Currency

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VII-2-1: Testing a Control Specimen
      4. Procedure VII-2-2: Testing Currency for Cocaine
      5. Procedure VII-2-3: Testing Currency for Methamphetamine
      6. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 30 Lab VII-3 Analysis of Drugs by Chromatography

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VII-3-1: Prepare Chromatography Jars and Strips
      4. Procedure VII-3-2: Prepare Solutions of Known and Questioned Specimens
      5. Procedure VII-3-3: Spot and Develop the Chromatograms
      6. Procedure VII-3-4: Visualize the Chromatograms
      7. Review Questions
    4. Chapter 31 Lab VII-4 Observation of Drug Microcrystalline Structures and Precipitation Reactions

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VII-4-1: Preparing Solutions of Known and Questioned Specimens
      4. Procedure VII-4-2: Observing Microcrystalline Structures
      5. Procedure VII-4-3: Analysis of Drugs by Precipitation
      6. Review Questions
    5. Chapter 32 Lab VII-5 Assay Vitamin C in Urine by Iodometric Titration

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VII-5-1: Prepare a Standard Vitamin C Solution
      4. Procedure VII-5-2: Titrate the Standard Vitamin C Solution
      5. Procedure VII-5-3: Titrate the Questioned Urine Specimen
      6. Review Questions
  10. Forensic Toxicology

    1. Chapter 33 Lab VIII-1 Salicylate Determination by Visual Colorimetry

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VIII-1-1: Prepare an Array of Salicylate Concentrations
      4. Procedure VIII-1-2: Test the Reagent
      5. Procedure VIII-1-3: Test the Questioned Specimen(S)
      6. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 34 Lab VIII-2 Detect Alkaloid Poisons with Dragendorff’s Reagent

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure VIII-2-1: Prepare Questioned Alkaloid Specimens
      4. Procedure VIII-2-2: Test Specimens for the Presence of Alkaloids
      5. Procedure VIII-2-3: Analyze Alkaloids Using Paper Chromatography
      6. Review Questions
  11. Gunshot and Explosive Residues Analysis

    1. Chapter 35 Lab IX-1 Presumptive Color Tests for Gunshot Residue

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IX-1-1: Produce Gunshot Residue (GSR) Specimens
      4. Procedure IX-1-2: Make up Modified Griess Reagent Test Paper
      5. Procedure IX-1-3: Test for Nitrite Residue in GSR Specimens
      6. Procedure IX-1-4: Test White GSR Specimens for Lead Residue
      7. Procedure IX-1-5: Test Colored or Patterned GSR Specimens for Lead Residue
      8. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 36 Lab IX-2 Presumptive Color Tests for Explosives Residues

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure IX-2-1: Test Known Specimens
      4. Procedure IX-2-2: Extract Explosives Residues
      5. Procedure IX-2-3: Test Swabs for Explosives Residues
      6. Review Questions
  12. Detecting Altered and Forged Documents

    1. Chapter 37 Lab X-1 Revealing Alterations in Documents

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure X-1-1: Test Ink Solvents
      4. Procedure X-1-2: Produce Questioned Document Specimens
      5. Procedure X-1-3: Examine Questioned Documents by Visible and Ultraviolet Light
      6. Procedure X-1-4: Examine Questioned Documents Microscopically
      7. Procedure X-1-5: Examine Questioned Documents by Iodine Fuming
      8. Procedure X-1-6: Examine Questioned Documents by Chemical Treatment
      9. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 38 Lab X-2 Analysis of Inks by Chromatography

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure X-1-1: Prepare Chromatography Jars
      4. Procedure X-1-2: Prepare the Questioned Ink Specimen
      5. Procedure X-1-3: Prepare and Spot Chromatograms
      6. Procedure X-1-4: Develop Chromatograms
      7. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 39 Lab X-3 Forensic Analysis of Paper

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure X-3-1: Examine Paper Specimens Visually
      4. Procedure X-3-2: Examine Paper Specimens Microscopically
      5. Procedure X-3-3: Examine Paper Specimens by Differential Staining
      6. Review Questions
  13. Forensic Biology

    1. Chapter 40 Lab XI-1 Pollen Analysis

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure XI-1-1: Examining Known and Questioned Pollen Grains
      4. Review Questions
    2. Chapter 41 Lab XI-2 Diatom Analysis

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure XI-2-1: Digest Diatom Specimens
      4. Procedure XI-2-2: Mount and Observe Diatoms
      5. Review Questions
    3. Chapter 42 Lab XI-3 Extract, Isolate, and Visualize DNA

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure XI-3-1: Extract DNA
      4. Procedure XI-3-2: Isolate DNA
      5. Procedure XI-3-1: Visualize DNA
      6. Review Questions
    4. Chapter 43 Lab XI-4 DNA Analysis by Gel Electrophoresis

      1. Equipment and Materials
      2. Background
      3. Procedure XI-3-1: Build a Gel Electrophoresis Apparatus
      4. Procedure XI-3-2: Prepare DNA Specimens
      5. Procedure XI-3-3: Prepare and Cast Gel(s)
      6. Procedure XI-3-4: Load and Run the DNA Specimens
      7. Procedure XI-3-5: Stain and Visualize the Gel(s)
      8. Review Questions