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Table of Contents

  1. Chapter 1 Introduction

    1. Maintaining a Laboratory Notebook

  2. Chapter 2 Laboratory Safety

    1. Laboratory Safety Rules We Recommend

  3. Chapter 3 Equipping a Home Chemistry Laboratory

    1. General Purpose Glassware and Plasticware

    2. Volumetric Glassware

    3. Microscale Equipment

    4. Recommended Laboratory Glassware

    5. Laboratory Equipment and Supplies

    6. Work Area

  4. Chapter 4 Chemicals for the Home Chemistry Lab

    1. Chemical Names

    2. Chemical Grades

    3. Chemical Risk Factors and Safety Advice

    4. Hazard Pictograms and Letter Symbols

    5. Safe Chemical Handling

    6. Chemicals Used in This Book

  5. Chapter 5 Mastering Laboratory Skills

    1. Measurement Resolution and Significant Figures

    2. Handling Chemicals Properly

    3. Using a Balance

    4. Measuring Liquids by Volume

    5. Filtration

    6. Separations

    7. Using Heat Sources

    8. Working with Glass Tubing

    9. Cleaning Glassware

  6. Chapter 6 Laboratory: Separating Mixtures

    1. Laboratory 6.1: Differential Solubility: Separate Sand and Sucrose

    2. Laboratory 6.2: Distillation: Purify ethanol

    3. Laboratory 6.3: Recrystallization: Purify Copper Sulfate

    4. Laboratory 6.4: Solvent Extraction

    5. Laboratory 6.5: Chromatography: Two-Phase Separation of Mixtures

    6. Laboratory 6.6: Determine the Formula of a Hydrate

  7. Chapter 7 Laboratory: Solubility and Solutions

    1. Laboratory 7.1: Make Up a Molar Solution of a Solid Chemical

    2. Laboratory 7.2: Make Up a Molal Solution of a Solid Chemical

    3. Laboratory 7.3: Make Up a Molar Solution of a Liquid Chemical

    4. Laboratory 7.4: Make Up a Mass-to-Volume Percentage Solution

    5. Laboratory 7.5: Determine Concentration of a Solution by Visual Colorimetry

  8. Chapter 8 Laboratory: Colligative Properties of Solutions

    1. Laboratory 8.1: Determine Molar Mass by Boiling Point Elevation

    2. Laboratory 8.2: Determine Molar Mass by Freezing Point Depression

    3. Laboratory 8.3: Observe the Effects of Osmotic Pressure

  9. Chapter 9 Laboratory: Introduction to Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry

    1. Laboratory 9.1: Observe a Composition Reaction

    2. Laboratory 9.2: Observe a Decomposition Reaction

    3. Laboratory 9.3: Observe a Single Displacement Reaction

    4. Laboratory 9.4: Stoichiometry of a Double Displacement Reaction

  10. Chapter 10 Laboratory: Reduction-Oxidation (Redox) Reactions

    1. Laboratory 10.1: Reduction of copper ore to copper metal

    2. Laboratory 10.2: Observe the Oxidation States of Manganese

  11. Chapter 11 Laboratory: Acid-Base Chemistry

    1. Laboratory 11.1: Determine the Effect of Concentration on PH

    2. Laboratory 11.2: Determine the pH of Aqueous Salt Solutions

    3. Laboratory 11.3: Observe the Characteristics of a Buffer Solution

    4. Laboratory 11.4: Standardize a Hydrochloric Acid Solution by Titration

  12. Chapter 12 Laboratory: Chemical Kinetics

    1. Laboratory 12.1: Determine the Effect of Temperature on Reaction Rate

    2. Laboratory 12.2: Determine the Effect of Surface Area on Reaction Rate

    3. Laboratory 12.3: Determine the Effect of Concentration on Reaction Rate

    4. Laboratory 12.4: Determine the Effect of a Catalyst on Reaction Rate

  13. Chapter 13 Laboratory: Chemical Equilibrium and Le Chatelier’s Principle

    1. Laboratory 13.1: Observe Le Chatelier’s Principle in Action

    2. Laboratory 13.2: Quantify the Common Ion Effect

    3. Laboratory 13.3: Determine a Solubility Product Constant

  14. Chapter 14 Laboratory: Gas Chemistry

    1. Laboratory 14.1: Observe the Volume-Pressure Relationship of Gases (Boyle’s Law)

    2. Laboratory 14.2: Observe the Volume-Temperature Relationship of Gases (Charles’ Law)

    3. Laboratory 14.3: Observe the Pressure-Temperature Relationship of Gases (Gay-Lussac’s Law)

    4. Laboratory 14.4: Use the Ideal Gas Law to Determine the Percentage of Acetic Acid in Vinegar

    5. Laboratory 14.5: Determine Molar Mass from Vapor Density

  15. Chapter 15 Laboratory: Thermochemistry and Calorimetry

    1. Laboratory 15.1: Determine Heat of Solution

    2. Laboratory 15.2: Determine the Heat of Fusion of Ice

    3. Laboratory 15.3: Determine the Specific Heat of a Metal

    4. Laboratory 15.4: Determine the Enthalpy Change of a Reaction

  16. Chapter 16 Laboratory: Electrochemistry

    1. Laboratory 16.1: Produce Hydrogen and Oxygen by Electrolysis of Water

    2. Laboratory 16.2: Observe the Electrochemical Oxidation of Iron

    3. Laboratory 16.3: Measure Electrode Potentials

    4. Laboratory 16.4: Observe Energy Transformation (Voltage and Current)

    5. Laboratory 16.5: Build a Voltaic Cell with Two Half-Cells

    6. Laboratory 16.6: Build a Battery

  17. Chapter 17 Laboratory: Photochemistry

    1. Laboratory 17.1: Photochemical Reaction of Iodine and Oxalate

  18. Chapter 18 Laboratory: Colloids and Suspensions

    1. Laboratory 18.1 Observe Some Properties of Colloids and Suspensions

    2. Laboratory 18.2: Produce Firefighting Foam

    3. Laboratory 18.3: Prepare a Gelled Sol

  19. Chapter 19 Laboratory: Qualitative Analysis

    1. Laboratory 19.1: Use Flame Tests to Discriminate Metal Ions

    2. Laboratory 19.2: Use Borax Bead Tests to Discriminate Metal Ions

    3. Laboratory 19.3: Qualitative Analysis of Inorganic Anions

    4. Laboratory 19.4: Qualitative Analysis of Inorganic Cations

    5. Laboratory 19.5: Qualitative Analysis of Bone

  20. Chapter 20 Laboratory: Quantitative Analysis

    1. Laboratory 20.1: Quantitative Analysis of Vitamin C by Acid-Base Titration

    2. Laboratory 20.2: Quantitative Analysis of Chlorine Bleach by Redox Titration

    3. Laboratory 20.3: Quantitative Anion Analysis of Seawater

  21. Chapter 21 Laboratory: Synthesis of Useful Compounds

    1. Laboratory 21.1: Synthesize Methyl Salicylate From Aspirin

    2. Laboratory 21.2: Produce Rayon Fiber

  22. Chapter 22 Laboratory: Forensic Chemistry

    1. Laboratory 22.1: Use the Sherlock Holmes Test to Detect Blood

    2. Laboratory 22.2: Perform a Presumptive Test for Illicit Drugs

    3. Laboratory 22.3: Reveal Latent Fingerprints

    4. Laboratory 22.4: Perform the Marsh Test