Books & Videos

Table of Contents

  1. Chapter 1 Introduction

    1. About this book

    2. Why this book

  2. Getting Started

    1. Chapter 2 Getting Started

      1. A beginner’s configuration: Canon Rebel T1i/500D with a 430EX II flash unit
      2. Flash exposure compensation (FEC)
      3. Bounce flash
      4. Daylight fill flash
      5. An advanced configuration: Canon EOS 50D with two 580EX II flash units
      6. A practical example of wireless flash
      7. Dragging the shutter
      8. Getting the flash off the camera
    2. Chapter 3 Top Ten FAQs

      1. 1. My camera already has a built-in flash. Why should I buy an external one?
      2. 2. Why are the backgrounds of my flash photos pitch black? It looks like I was in a cave!
      3. 3. Why does the camera set a really slow shutter speed when I use a flash? Parts of my photos look sharp, but there’s weird fringing
      4. 4. Why are the eyes of my friends and family glowing an evil red?
      5. 5. Why won’t my camera let me set a high shutter speed when I turn on my flash?
      6. 6. I have an old flash unit. Will it work on my new Canon EOS digital camera?
      7. 7. I took two flash photos in rapid succession. Why is the second one totally dark?
      8. 8. Why are my photos dark when I use a Speedlite EX or built-in flash to trigger my studio flash equipment?
      9. 9. Why use flash at all? Why not just use a fast lens and a high ISO?
      10. 10. Why do my flash photos look so lousy? Do I need to buy a better camera or a more expensive flash unit?
    3. Chapter 4 Terminology

  3. Technology

    1. Chapter 5 A Brief History of Flash

      1. Pyrotechnics
      2. Flash bulbs
      3. Electronic flash
      4. The first challenge: flash synchronization
      5. Open flash
      6. Flash sync
      7. Controlling flash exposure
      8. The second challenge: flash metering
    2. Chapter 6 Automatic Flash Metering

      1. Enabling internal flash and external Speedlites
      2. Subject and background in flash photography
      3. Ambient light metering versus flash metering
      4. Freezing motion
      5. Normal flash sync
      6. Slow shutter sync
      7. EOS flash and icon modes
      8. CA (creative auto) mode
      9. EOS flash and ambient metering modes
      10. Program (P) mode
      11. Tv (shutter speed priority) mode
      12. Av (aperture priority) mode
      13. M (metered manual) mode
      14. DEP (depth of field), A-DEP (automatic DEP), and B (Bulb) modes
      15. Fill flash
      16. Fill flash ambient light reduction
      17. Flash exposure compensation (FEC)
    3. Chapter 7 Technical Topics

      1. Canon EOS flash metering
      2. TTL flash metering
      3. A-TTL flash metering
      4. E-TTL flash metering
      5. E-TTL II
      6. Type A and type B cameras
      7. Flash technology availability summary
      8. Metering patterns
      9. Flash metering patterns
      10. How mechanical camera shutters work
      11. Maximum X-sync
      12. High-speed sync (HSS)/FP (focal plane) flash
      13. First and second curtain sync
      14. Inverse square law
      15. Guide numbers
      16. Quantifying flash output
      17. Exposure value (EV)
      18. Color and shades of white
      19. Color filters
      20. Infrared (IR)
      21. EXIF
      22. Safety and physical properties
  4. Equipment

    1. Chapter 8 Dedicated Flash Units

      1. Built-in (popup) flash
      2. Canon Speedlites
      3. Speedlite naming scheme
      4. Older Canon Speedlites
      5. Third-party flash units
    2. Chapter 9 Canon Speedlites

      1. Hotshoes
      2. Flash heads
      3. LCDs
      4. Swivel and tilt for bounce flash
      5. Zooming flash heads
      6. Flash head diffuser panels
      7. Autofocus (AF) assist light
      8. Redeye
      9. Flash exposure compensation (FEC)
      10. Flash exposure lock (FE lock or FEL)
      11. Fill flash ratios
      12. Auto fill reduction
      13. Flash exposure bracketing (FEB)
      14. High-speed sync (HSS)
      15. Enabling second curtain sync
      16. Manual flash
      17. Enabling wireless E-TTL flash
      18. Integrated Speedlite transmitter, or built-in flash as master
      19. Advanced M (metered manual) ambient metering
      20. Quick Flash/Rapid-fire mode
      21. Stroboscopic (MULTI) flash
      22. Flash exposure confirmation LED
      23. Range warning
      24. Modeling flash
      25. Auto Power Off/Save Energy (SE) mode
      26. Speedlite autoflash/External flash metering
      27. Optical slave triggers
      28. Custom functions (C.Fn) on flash unit
      29. External Speedlite control
      30. Test flash (manual firing)
      31. Rear control dial
      32. Weatherproofing
      33. Automatic white balance compensation
      34. Live View, silent shooting, and flash
      35. Cycle time and high voltage ports
    3. Chapter 10 Manual Flash Metering

      1. Manual flash metering
      2. Trial and error
      3. Flash meters
      4. Choosing a manual flash unit
      5. Trigger voltages
      6. Incompatible shoes
      7. Autoflash metering
    4. Chapter 11 Off-Camera Flash

      1. The Seven Basic Methods for Off-camera Flash Control
      2. Off-Camera Method 1—Open flash
      3. Off-Camera Methods 2 and 3—Wired cords
      4. Off-Camera Method 2—Wired sync-only: PC cords
      5. Off-Camera Method 3—Wired with automatic metering: Canon flash cords
      6. Off-Camera Methods 4 and 5—Wireless optical control
      7. Off-Camera Method 4—Wireless optical, sync-only: optical slaves
      8. Off-Camera Method 5—Wireless optical with automatic metering: Canon wireless E-TTL
      9. Off-Camera Methods 6 and 7—Wireless, radio frequency (RF)
      10. Off-Camera Method 6—Radio, sync-only
      11. Off-Camera Method 3—Radio with automatic metering
    5. Chapter 12 Flash Accessories

      1. Flash diffusers
      2. Small diffusers
      3. Small reflectors
      4. Medium-sized reflectors
      5. Large portable diffusers
      6. Other flash accessories
      7. Ringflash adapters
      8. Filter gels
      9. Do it yourself!
      10. Supports
      11. Batteries
      12. External battery packs
    6. Chapter 13 Studio Flash

      1. Types of studio lights
      2. Basic flash unit features
      3. General studio gear
      4. Studio light modifiers
      5. Hot lights
      6. Cheap vs. expensive
  5. Technique

    1. Chapter 14 Basic Technique

      1. Direction
      2. Intensity
      3. Quality
      4. Color
      5. Basic Speedlite portrait photography
      6. Building a studio portrait
      7. Experimenting with light
    2. Chapter 15 Advanced Techniques

      1. Slow shutter sync and motion
      2. Hard isn’t all bad
      3. Narrowing down the light
      4. Backlighting and flash in the frame
      5. Kill the ambient
      6. Cookies
      7. Open flash
      8. Stroboscopic (MULTI) flash
      9. High-speed photography
      10. Cross-polarizing
      11. Learning from the masters
    3. Chapter 16 Conclusion

  6. Appendices

    1. Appendix Flash Units for Canon EOS

      1. Speedlites for film and digital cameras (E-TTL)
      2. Macro flash
      3. Speedlites for film cameras (TTL)
      4. Third-party flash
      5. Sigma
      6. Metz
      7. Quantum
      8. Nissin
      9. Marumi
      10. Generic flash units
      11. All-manual battery flash
    2. Appendix Choosing a Flash Unit

      1. A flash unit for casual and occasional use with a Canon digital camera or a type A film camera
      2. Advanced use with a Canon digital camera or a type A film camera
      3. A flash system for wireless E-TTL
      4. A flash unit for all-manual work, Strobist-style
      5. A flash unit for macro photography
      6. A flash unit for use with a type B film camera; no plans to buy a type A film or digital camera in the future
    3. Appendix Features Table

      1. Key to Appendix C: Features Tables
    4. Appendix Custom Functions

      1. Speedlite 430EX
      2. Speedlite 430EX II
      3. Speedlite 580EX
      4. Speedlite 580EX II
    5. Appendix Sequence of Operation

      1. E-TTL (film and digital) sequence of operation
      2. E-TTL II sequence of operation
      3. Wireless E-TTL sequence of operation
      4. TTL (film only) sequence of operation
      5. A-TTL (film only) sequence of operation
    6. Appendix Lenses

      1. Lenses With Distance Data
      2. Lenses Without Distance Data
    7. Appendix Troubleshooting

      1. Built-in flash
      2. Speedlite power issues
      3. Flash unit compatibility
      4. Using the flash unit
      5. Flash unit features
      6. Autofocus assist
      7. Flash head coverage
      8. Wireless
      9. Studio lighting
    8. Appendix Online Resources

      1. Discussion forums
      2. Reviews and information
      3. Personal blogs
    9. Credits and Acknowledgements

      1. Models
      2. Manufacturers, Distributors, and Suppliers
    10. Chapter Opening Images